Old and New in Theology
Sku: 53100D0E060
Archival Number: A531
Author: Lonergan, B.
Language(s): English
Decade: 1960
Open 53100D0E060.pdf

4 handwritten schematic pp. headed 'Old and New in Theology'

Database and descriptions © Copyright 2017 by Robert M. Doran




Transcription by R. Doran, added Nov 12 2011


Old and New in Theology


1 Mediaeval


          α internal elaboration of doctrina sacra:     lectio, quaestio, disputatio

                                                                             sententiae, regulae

                                                                             comm in libros sentent

                                                                             qq disputatae: collectiones,                                                                                                                series


                                                                             comm in summam

             initial development similar in Canon Law

             divergence: CL – Roman lawyers Justinian

                               Th – Aristotle Topics Metaphys. Post Anal: no serious                                                                                                          synthesis


          β division of wisdom & prudence     theologia mystica Gerson 1363-1429

                                                                             Congar 423 f.

             per se subject                                

             static account of virtue                            theologia moralis – separate – last                                                                                quarter xvi – Congar 424


          γ positive theology

             1 name from 1509 – current by end of xvi century Congar 426-30

             2 theology of Jerome Augustine Gregory [return to sources]

             3 humanist influence – literary studies – expository style

                   evidence of scholastic technical terms, rigorous argument

             4 polemical: defense of later dogmas (Trent) and scholastic conclusions[?]

             5 positing principles before drawing conclusions: argument from Ss PP


                    = relation of dogmas to Xtian sources, development to origin Congar


             Cano “ponere principia” Congar 426 – cf. Gregory of Valencia 427

                                                cf ? de la foi Congar 429

          δ apologetic, fundamental: sources & dogmas as related to human reason

                                                   separate hardly (?) before middle of xvii

                                                          Congar 430


[page 2]


2 Modern    Butterfield – Origins of Modern Sc.  Catholic ghetto Mediaeval

                   P. Hazard – The European Mind                Renaissance CReform

                   Y. Congar – from about 1680


α “Dogmatic” Theology Congar 482

                   springs from positive theology

                   divides theology into: “common to all” to be accepted

                                                          free questions “in ? libertas”: omitted [or]

                                                                   presented as opinion of a school

                   exposition (in accord with Cano) thesis, status quaest., preuves positives d’autorité, preuves de la raison théologique, solution of diff & corollaries, esp. corollaries for life & piety


β “ancilla” tendencies to system, encyclopedia, methodologies 433 f

          drawing on (1780-1880) Descartes, Leibniz & Wolf, Kant or Fichte, Schelling, Hegel & Schleiermacher, Malebranche, Locke, Condillac, Rousseau, Lammenais

    “Aeterni Patris” and related docs 437 f.

   Scheeben 442 f


γ xix century, new human science, biblical criticism, history of dogma, comparative religion // “scientific” study of man/religion/?


δ xx century: ? de l’enseignement 1890-1910      Congar 439 f.       Xiberta

   modernism        Lamentabili, Pascendi, Iusiurandum

   Deus sc Dom

   Divino afflante Spiritu                             Periodical literature

   Humani generis                              Monographs

   Vatican ii                                       Dictionaries


ε Problems Congar 444 “Positive”   “Science”


[page 3]


3 The Contemporary Transformation


α The New Context – Break out from Wolffian ghetto


          Phil Psych Ethics

          add extrinsically


          ?-? qq in Nat Sc (? Medicine)

          Depth psych., phenomenology

          Social science

          History of cultures, literatures, ideas

          Science & history of religion


β The New Methods      Research interpretation history

          concretely apprehended, ? art (??), grounded in convention

          w/o anachronism archaism infidelity extrinsicism [= thinking things thought]

                                                                                                cf modernism

          (1) to normative documents cf old positive “dogmatic” theology

                   scr PP CC TT esp Aq.

                   obedience of old “dogmatic” – origin --> development not principles to conclusions

                                                 - barrier of ?/specialized/probable

                                                          between dogmatist & sources

          (2) not for immediate dogmatic or apologetic purpose – get things right at each stage


          (3) ? a theology in oratione obliqua – theol of Is Mark Paul John


          (4) de facto, heading towards reconstruction, thematization of whole Xtian culture [Fr. Wulf, Philologie]

                   complete explanation of all phenomena


γ Involvement in the New Anthropology


          (1) as tool of interpretation/history – evolution of a pretechnical meaning, implicit belief, cf. systematic concepts /doctrines

                   not one definition, system but perspectivism, pluralism growth in range of applications, in depth of grasp


          (2) emergence of new doctrinal theol – understan hist of doct <-> understand the doctrine


          (3) emergence of new systematic/speculative/explanatory theol.,

                   Historie --> Geschichte [Existenz in history]

                   account --> encounter    vs theory or practice]


                   Heilsgeschichte     α interpretation of Scr

                   kerygma               β a new type of syst theol

                                                                   Hebr GK --> Med <-> Mod.cs.


[page 4]


The Problem         Contemporary – Congar – “Science” – “Place of Positive” within theology


α For seven centuries theology has been conceived as analogously a science

          What “science” was it analogous to? in what sense was it analgous?

          First q. only possible answer is Aris Post Anal.

          Second q. many answers / need not bother about


β Only part of organon – logos as thematic

          Ideal construction based on nature of syllogistic demonstration

                   conclusions are from principles

                   demonstration neither by infinite regress nor circular

                   there must be basic premises

                   they must be necessary, eternal, universal, per se, essential, true, certain

                   they are either proper to particular ?

                   [or] answers to many or all ?

                   they arise from sense via rally-in-rout


γ New Notion

          what arises from sense via rally in rout

                   is empirical intelligibility, developing, descending to ? concrete, includes statistical

                   not structured or on ? analogy of subject & predicate, moving towards truth, probable

                   what science moves towards is not abstract part of reality but complete explanation of all phenomena

                   in nat. sc., in hum. sc., in the contemporary tendency of theology


δ Problem

          A Not two notions of science, of man, phil approach

          B Are there no common principles? is there just a universal flux? relativism

                   if there are, do they too arise from sense?

                   if not, what is their genesis?

                   are they necessary, eternal, universal, abstract?

                   understand developing comprehensive concrete ?


ε Existence of problem:

          in nat sc – mechanist determinism – relativity, QT, obscurity

          in hum sc – interpretation, what are the categories of human mind?

                   are mythic, Hebraic, Gk, modern mind essentially different?

                   What is interpretation?

           in history – is there any structure that extends over history of doctrines, ideas, modes of ?

                   What is history?

          in phil – rationalists Thomists idealists relativists

                         empiricists  Scotists   Kantians existentialists



          in theol – Aug Ar xiv & xv    De auxiliis  “Dogmatic”


what is relation between special fields? what is a special field? does biblical scholar[ship] have to be a matter of development of dogma?

          does doctrinal theology have to be a biblical scholar?